Aid For Scouting

First Aid - Part 1

 You may spend a lifetime notmeeting anything worse than a few cuts and bruises, but BE PREPARED, as one day you may come acrossa serious accident, and you could be the only one about who can do something tosave someone’s life; it may even be one of your family or a friend on a simpleday out. Knowledge is never lost.

 

FIRST AID is given by the FIRST person with some knowledge tohappen at the scene of an accident. When experts arrive, step back; leave it tothem to take over.

 

 

 

 Arriving at the scene of an accident remember the letters D R A B C or Dr. ABC as we used to call him. Theletters remind you how to proceed safely:

 D

Check for DANGER –see if it’s safe to go to the patient. The last thing you need is anothercasualty – yourself

 

 

 R

Check for RESPONSE.Quickly assess if the patient is conscious or unconscious. Talk to them. (Seethe word COWS further down the page.) If unconscious roll patient gently ontoside – Recovery Position. Aids breathing and prevents patients swallowingtongue or their own vomit.

 

 A

Check AIRWAY tomake sure it’s clear. See if the tongue is too far back in the throat, orsomething obstructing the mouth or nose.

 

 B

Check if casualty is BREATHING.Look, chest rising for example or if glass (i.e. specs/mirror near nose)shows signs of steaming, listen for sound of breathing. If none give 5 quickbreathes as in resuscitation.

 

 C

CIRCULATION – check the pulse, wrist, neck or wherever possible. If it isabsent, attempt CPR - or mouth to mouth.

 

 

 Stop severe bleeding & Immobilisefractures

 

 Checking for response – COWS. Talk to the patient; it is re-assuring for both of you.

 

 Can you hear me?”

Open your eyes.”

What’s your name?”

Squeeze my hand.”

 

 Make patient comfortable, but try not to move him/her too much for fear of causing moredamage to broken bones or fractures. Move neck and spine as little as possible.

 

 If danger present, like a petrol leak from a car crash, and you have to movepatient, be extremely careful of neck and spine, and use blanket or whatever isavailable to bind legs together for support. Lift patient by placing hands bothunder and over limbs and back – support the head and neck.

 If an object has penetrated the skin, DO NOT remove it. It may have punctured the heart or an artery, andremoving it will cause a greater loss of blood and possibly death.

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